Fabric Manufacturing Techniques

Fabric Manufacturing Techniques

The fabrics manufactured by Creative Textile Mills (Pvt) Ltd. are produced with excellent yarn sticking to top quality standards and is utilized for dyeing, printing and stitching of garments for fabric exporters in Sri Lanka or for sale to regional customers.

The customary techniques of producing fabrics are weaving, knitting and braiding. The more irregular techniques involve bonding fibers by mechanical, thermal, chemical or solvent means.


Weaving is portrayed as entwining, normally at correct points, of two sets of threads to shape cloth, rug or other kinds of woven materials. Presently this procedure is mainly made for volume manufacturing. In it, two clear sets of yarns known as the warp and the filling or weft are braided with one other to create a fabric. The long yarns which race from the rear to the forepart of the loom are known as the warp. The diagonal yarns are the filling or weft. A loom is a utensil for keeping the warp threads in position while the filling threads are laced through them.


After weaving, the most frequent procedure of fabric manufacturing is knitting. The thread in knitted fabrics trails a winding route, producing balanced bends or stitches. When the interconnecting loops race alongside, each line is known as a wale. A wale could be likened with the warp in weaving. When the loops run over the fabric, each line is known as a route. A route relates to the filling, or weft. There are two crucial kinds of knitting: weft knitting and warp knitting. In weft knitting, one continual yarn creates routes over the fabric. In warp knitting, a sequence of threads create wales in the extensive way of the fabric.


A braid is a like a rope, which is produced by interlacing three or more fibers, strips, or lengths, in a crosswise coinciding design. Braiding is one of the leading fabrication techniques for compound augmentation forms. It is done by interlacing of threads in whatever way appropriate to the producers motive. From a native art of creating laces, it developed as a material formed by small broad looms. Recently, Crochet knitting appliances have substituted big amounts of customary braiding tools.

Braiding could be categorized as two and three-dimensional braiding. Two-dimensional braid shape could be round or flat braid. They are created by crossing a fair amount of threads crossways so that each thread proceeds in turns above and below one or more of the others. Two dimensional braids are created through round braiding appliances and spinning machine. Three-dimensional braiding is comparatively current and was made mostly for compound constructions. In it, a two dimensional range of attached 2-D round braids are made on two fundamental kinds of appliances- the horn gear and Cartesian machines.

Non woven Fabrics

Non woven fabrics are created by connecting or joining threads or strands by Mechanical, Thermal, Chemical or Solvent means. For making Major non-wovens, fibers are first rotated, trimmed to a couple of centimeters long, and inserted into bales. These bales are then thrown on a conveyor belt, and the threads are unfurled in a constant mesh by a wetlaid procedure or by straitening. These non wovens are either joint warm or by utilizing gum. The Spun-laid non-wovens are created in one continual procedure. Threads are turned and then immediately scattered into a mesh by blockers or with air streams. Melt blown non wovens have exceedingly top-quality thread diameters but are not tough materials. Spun-laid is also connected either warmly or by utilizing gum. Both staple and spun bonded non-woven will have no automatic opposition without the bonding step.

Non woven Fabric have slowly obtained significance in different factory implementations along with remedies, private care, purity and household work. They are utilized in fills and clothing, Carpet backing and underlay, Needle strike felt for backing of PVC floor layering, Home supplying and household items, Medical, hygienic and surgical implementations, Book garments, factory wiping cloths, Filtration, Shoe Linings, Automotive ses, Laundry & carry bags in Hospitality trade etc.

Specialty Fabrics

Along with amount and standard, the fabric business is constantly stressing on the “performance” of fabrics in this period of Global Competition. Some of the alterations in specialty fabrics have indeed ushered rebellion in the fabric business.

Aluminized fabrics

Aluminized fabrics are particularly planned to offer shelter from radical warmth, liquid metal or fierce steam. They increase the production of firefighters and factory workers etc. by aiding them to resist drastic heat.

Awning fabric

The awning fabrics such as woven acrylic, vinyl-coated fabrics, and PVC Mesh are impenetrable and dyed. At the same instance they offer airing, sieved sunlight, and enhanced external clarity, making them perfect for the cause.

Blended Fabrics

Blended Fabrics are created by various kinds of threads tangled together. Polyester mixed with cotton, Silk combined with wool, Ramie mingled with acrylic results in smoother fabrics uncomplicated to care for and more cosy.

Carbon Fabrics

Carbon Fabrics manufactured with carbon atoms is remarkably powerful. Its features comprise of leading flexible strength, low weight, and low warm growth because it is in great need in space, army, auto racing, and other tournament sports.

Fiberglass Fabric

Created from liquid glass is powerful, long-lasting, and impenetrable to various abrasives and to drastic climates. Fiberglass fabrics look like silk and cotton and are utilized for curtains, drapery and for factory reasons.

Narrow Fabric

Narrow Fabric occasionally known as ‘small wares’, they do not pass 4S cm in breadth with 2 borders. They comprise any trimming, elastic, tape, ribbon and lace as well as cording etc. They are mainly produced by needle looms utilising fabrics like cotton, satin, velvet, polyester, jute, nylon, fiber glass amid others. They are mostly utilized to adorn dresses and could also be fastened to curtains, bed covers, etc and in factory uses.

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